Akan "ƐfƐw" and Ancient Egyptian "Nefer"
18-June-2011


This article is full of excitement. It has been a while since I made a personal discovery that almost caused me to fall over the chair I was sitting on. No, literally! I was running off to check both Akan and Ancient Egyptian references to "ƐfƐw" (Akan) and "Nefer" (Ancient Egyptian) respectively when I almost fell over. Both words mean THE SAME THING in the respective languages. To my knowledge, no one has pointed this out before. Why is this so? Folks, as far as I am know, it is being pointed out here for the first time.


According to Wikipedia:
 'Nefer is a word in the Ancient Egyptian language that was used to symbolize beauty and goodness. The exact translation of the word in English is  'Beautiful on the inside and the outside'. (Wikipedia, accessed 18-June-2011)

According to the website "Egyptian Myths":
 'The term nefer was very popular throughout the ages with the ancient Egyptians. It appears with a dozen different meanings in their literature... all positive. It was also incorporated into many personal names, including those of the famous queens Nefertiti and Nefertari.'

The nefer hieroglyph was used to convey the concepts of 'goodness' and 'beauty'. This is poignantly illustrated in the statue to the right of Merytamun, the daughter of Rameses II. Her necklace is nothing but rows and rows of the 'nefer' hieroglyph.
(www.egyptianmyths.net/nefer.htm; accessed 18-June-2011)


Indeed, it is true that the word "Nefer" has several meanings, most of which relate to beauty and goodness. Budge's Egyptian dictionary alone lists more than 2 pages of meanings for this word.

Among the meanings in Budge's Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary (Budge: 1920, pgs. 370-372) for the word "nefer":
"to be good, good, pleasant, beautiful, excellent, well-doing, gracious, happy, pretty; for the best, most beautiful of all; a good or beautiful thing"

Here is what Christaller's Twi and Fante Dictionary (Christaller: 1933, pg. 124) has to say about the Akan word, "ƐfƐw":
"beauty, fairness, handsomeness"
(SEE: Dictionary screenshots below)
NOTE: The character 'Ɛ' sounds very much like the 'e' between the 'r' and 'd' of "red"....obviously on its own, without the 'r' or the 'd'.


This for me is nothing short of fascinating! But wait, that is not all. Let us continue to follow the thread to see where it will lead.


ON NEFERTITI AND NEFERTARE

This word "nefer" appears many times in Ancient Egyptian accounts. The Egyptian queen Nefertiti for instance could be called "Ɛf
Ɛw-tete" which in the Akan language translates literally as "Beauty-Ancient" or more readably as "Ancient Beauty"!! And what about Nefertari, one might ask? Well hold on, you won't be disappointed. Nefertari in the Akan language will be "ƐfƐw-tare", and what does it mean? We now know what "ƐfƐw" means but what about "tare"?

According to Christaller's dictionary (1933, p.495), "tare" means:
"to cast or lay (at, upon, into); to paste up or on; to be cast, to stick, to be fastened (at, in, on)"

So in that case Nefertari or more appropriately, "ƐfƐw-tare" means "beauty laid upon" or "beauty cast upon" or "beauty fastened upon"!!

Oh yes! You are probably saying that this is major! It is! I said right at the beginning of this Akan book and website project that it is by looking at the language, cuture/traditions and symbols of the Akan that their link with ancient civilisations and (ultimately) influences from Sirius in particular can be ascertained.

But wait, that is not all. The more major and important implications are about to land and explode like a bomb!



ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MEN-NEFER, GREEK MEMPHIS AND AKAN MAMFE

This one blew my top! As I normally get excited about discoveries and feel shy about such excitement years later, I expect this episode to follow that pattern. But for the moment, to hell with constraints!

According to conventional Egyptian accounts, the city of Memphis was founded around 3,000BCE by the universally acknowledged ruler of the first dynasty, Menes ('Meni' in the Ancient Egyptian language). This city was said to be under the protection of Ptah. Menes was the first king after the Zeph-Tepi (the time of the Neteru) and after the time the Shem-su-Hor (followers of Horus) ruled.

Memphis is the Greek name for this city, a name derived from the older Ancient Egyptian one. What is the Egyptian one? It is Men-Nefer. Now those who did not understand the Akan language may have been unable to see the link. But for me, when the insight came through, it was mind-blowing!

Men-Nefer in Ancient Egyptian is the same as Man-ƐfƐw in the Akan language!! Oh yes! You see it now, don't you? It is incredible, isn't it? Yes, "Man" is the Akan name for city-state/nation! Man-ƐfƐw LITERALLY means "State-Beauty"/"Nation-Beauty", which when turned around for readability, could mean "Beautiful Nation". This, I suspect, is the true meaning of the Ancient Egyptian name Men-Nefer which later turned into its Greek corruption, Memphis.

This one is a new revelation, and it is significant, it is major. Folks, you heard it here first! One more piece of the puzzle has been put in place! Although this does not prove that the Akan were in Egypt at the time, it does in my view present a relevant piece of linguistic evidence linking the Ancient language of the (likely pre-dynastic to early dynastic) Egyptians with that of the ancient and modern language of the Akan. I would like to present this piece of evidence to you for your consideration. I am not yet done so let us continue.



MEN-NEFER, MEMPHIS AND MAMFE ARE ONE AND THE SAME NAME

Previously, the Akan chief of the Kwahu Akan people, Dr. Nana Banchie Darkwah, gave an alternative derivation for Memphis in his book The Africans who wrote the Bible. He suggested that we call the Ancient Egyptian city Memphis "Mamfe"/"MamfƐ", a name which actually belongs to a town found in the Akan area of present day Ghana.

Let me suggest to readers that Mamfe/"Man-fƐ" and Man-ƐfƐw mean THE SAME THING, even with the different derivation by Nana Banchie Darkwah, since "fƐ" and "fƐw" are variations of "ƐfƐw" and can be used in the same context (see dictionary definition for 'ƐfƐw' below). Strictly speaking, "fƐ" is used as an adjective (beautiful) while "ƐfƐw" is a noun (beauty), however "fƐ" is sometimes used to connote both 'beauty' and 'beautiful'.

Oh yes! This revelation is SO Sirius! (pun). Now you believe me that I almost fell of my chair! "Man-fƐ" is just a shorter way to say "Man-ƐfƐw", anyone who speaks the Akan language will instantly see this. It is similar to when in English a person says "won't" instead of "will not". My guess is that the Akan people kept this name "Man-ƐfƐw" which turned into the colloquial but nevertheless identical name, "Man-fƐ"/"MamfƐ".



"MENI" (ANCIENT EGYPTIAN) AND "MAN-HENE" (AKAN) ARE TITLES FOR THE RULER OF THE PEOPLE

The name of the Ancient Egyptian king,"Menes", who ruled the first dynasty, is a Greek corruption of the Ancient Egyptian version: "Meni", in which word we can find the Akan words "Man" (State) and "Manhene" (Akan word for king). So, "Menes"/"Meni" quite likely was the "Manhene" of "Man-ƐfƐw" (Men-Nefer/Memphis in Ancient Egyptian)!! "Oh my god", you might be saying! Oh yes, quite exciting isn't it? After 5,000 years of Earth history, a Higher Self incarnated as an Akan man comes around to reveal that which once was and some of which still remains preserved in the culture of contemporary Akan people.

 Once again, "Menes"/"Meni" (king) was the "Manhene" (king) of "Man-
ƐfƐw" (= Men-Nefer = Memphis), the beautiful nation! Go figure!

It is quite possible that the influence happened the other way round, in that "Meni"/"Menhi" in the Ancient Egyptian language became "Man-hene" in the Akan language.

Modern historians are struggling to find out the meaning of "Menes"/"Meni". This meaning has now been given in this article. "Menes"/"Meni" is not actually the name of the ruler (as modern historians will also agree with) but rather his title. We do not know what the actual name of this "Manhene" was, as surviving Egyptian accounts do not seem to give it.


CONCLUSION

So there you go! One more piece of the puzzle is set in place. Brought to you by The Akan. In The Akan Book (section 3.15) I wrote about how Memphis, the "City of Ptah" had the falcon/hawk as its emblem and how this is the bird totem of one of the major clans of the Akan, the Ayoko/Oyoko clan which currently rules the Asante subgroup of the Akan people. In a later section of The Akan Book (section 5.5) I pointed out how the being referred to as Ptah during Egyptian times is actually the same as the Akan 'god' Nyame, the Babylonian god Ea/Hea, the Sumerian god Enki and the Ugaritic god Yamm. 

This new information about Memphis/Mamfe, together with the Garamantian/Koromante hypothesis I proposed in section 3 of The Akan Book, gives some foundational basis for extending the Akan migration scenario past Mali/Timbuktu, (which is as far as conventional, publicly available accounts of Akan oral histories go), into (at least) Libya (Garamantia/Koromante) and Egypt (Memphis/Man-Nefer/Man-ƐfƐw) of the early dynastic and possibly of the pre-dynastic period as well.





EXTRAS -- OTHER WORDS FROM BUDGE

(Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary vol 1, 1920, pg. 370-372)

Nefer-Tut:  the title of the priestess of Memphis (Could this have a reference to the Akan "Tutu"?)
Nefer-T: the beautiful or good land, a name of Amentt (Egypt)    
Nefer Shefi: terribly beautiful one

*this word nefer is so pervasive in Ancient Egyptian vocabulary, no wonder it survived till the present time among the Akan. There are 3 pages (370-372) of words related to "nefer" some of which are connected to divine beings/gods.


JULY 2011 ADDITION

Now that I am once again calm, I am convinced that my Higher Self allowed me to have these insights so that this information could be revealed. It also happened synchronistically. It's still personally quite mind blowing to consider that a concept (beauty) which features strongly in both Akan and Ancient Egyptian culture is represented by the same word in both cultures. It is also remarkable that a strong link has been made between the Akan people who are known to have migrated from North to South and the Ancient Egyptian city of Men-Nefer (Memphis). The Akan city/town Mamfe and the Ancient Egyptian city of Men-Nefer (Memphis) have the same name! The information presented in this article in my view provides one more possible piece of the puzzle in the attempt to work out the Ancient history of the the Akan and other Africans as well as other Earth human groups whose culture displaces influences from civilizations in the Sirius star system.

In terms of areas on the African continent to which we can now point out influences on Akan language and culture, we can posit the following locations:


Men-Nefer/Mamfe (Ancient Memphis) ---> Garamantia (Koromante)/Libya ---> Timbuktu (where conventional history of the Akan starts) ---> Bono & Bona Kingdoms (by Volta tributaries)--> Diverse Akan settlements (Forest & Coastal areas)



Efew_Nefer