Pyramids in China and in Korea
My friend 'E' sent me
this article which I found interesting. Pyramids were built in many
parts of the world. Both Atlantis and Lemuria had pyramids. In the case
of the Chinese, there is evidence of interactions with Mesopotamians of
the Sumerian-Babylonian period.
There have also been accounts of pyramids found in Korea (see photo below).
The Chinese city of Xian
is interesting for many reasons. In the past it used to be an important
center for the remnant "Yu" (Jade) civilization of the Gobi desert. In
the Chinese language, the word "Xian" is also used to mean "immortal".
There are a number of other dots one can connect in relation to this.
The Chinese White Pyramid has been found
Sunday, 26 April 2009 16:31
The Russian pyramid
investigator Maxim Yakovenko has visited several Chinese pyramid
complexes and has finally been able to identify the legendary "White
Pyramid" as the Liangshan Mountain, which holds the tomb of Emperor
Gaozong. As such, decades of speculation and mystery have finally been
The story of the White
Pyramid came about in the 1940s, when eyewitness reports, specifically
from pilot James Gaussman, related the presence of an enormous "White
Pyramid" near the Chinese city of Xian. If true, it was bigger than
the Great Pyramid of Giza. The region was off-limits to Western
tourists for many decades afterwards and once this restriction was
lifted, many pyramids were found, but the gigantic "White Pyramid" was not amongst them. A
photograph of what was believed to be the White Pyramid, turned out to
be one of a much smaller pyramid near Xian.
So what was the White
Pyramid? Had someone overestimated the dimensions of a smaller pyramid?
The answer is a simple no. The photograph had nothing to do with the
original account of the White Pyramid, and this is where the main
problem has lain in recent years. The actual White Pyramid is Liangshan
Mountain and it is as big as Gaussman and others had claimed it was.
Liangshan Mountain is
located in the vicinity of Qiang Xian, a small Chinese town located 80
km to the northwest from Xian. In 684 AD, the second emperor of the
Tang Dynasty Gaozong was buried at the bottom of the mountain with his
wife the Empress Wu. She reigned after Gaozong's death. When she died
in 705 AD, her body was buried near Gaozong's on Liangshan Mountain. It
is the only mausoleum where two Tang monarchs were buried.
The Qianling mausoleum
incorporates 17 attendant tombs, including the tombs of Princess
Yongtai, Prince Zhanghuai and Prince Yide. Twenty stone sculptures
guard the emperor and his wife from evil spirits and enemies. They line
the way to the burial place, guarding it with unusual long swords.
Behind the guards there is a reconstructed gate, built from clay, but
finished with bricks. Next are two large statues of mythical monsters.
Building the mausoleum and the inner chambers was an enormous
accomplishment, but my research is primarily focused on the mountain
where the emperor was buried, as this is the legendary White Pyramid.
Liangshan is listed as a
natural mountain that consists of three peaks. The two southern peaks
are approximately the same size, but the northern peak is much taller
and bigger. The two southern peaks consist of soil (so-called "central
Chinese clay soil", which is 30% clay, 35% clay elements and almost
40% limestone), but it is the northern peak that is the highest and
consists of huge, almost straight stone plates which lie on the clay.
A key account about the
"White Pyramid" - though it had not yet received its name at the time -
in the vicinity of Xian was given by Alfred Schroeder in 1912: "The
pyramid is about 1,000 feet high (other descriptions estimate 1,000 to
1,200 feet high) and roughly 1,500 feet at the base, which makes it
twice as large as any pyramid in Egypt. The four faces of the structure
are oriented with the compass points." This observation conforms to
what we have seen on the ground about Liangshan Mountain: it is a
colossal pyramid, with four visible sides, holding the tomb of emperor
Gaozong. It is difficult to determine the height of the pyramid. If
measured from the platform with the twenty guards, the height is 160
meters; if measured from the base of the pyramid, the height is about
300 meters, or ca. 1,000 feet!
Schroeder also wrote:
"Each side of the pyramid was of a different color: the northern side
was black, the eastern blue, the southern red and the western side had
a tint of white. The flat top of the pyramid was covered with yellow
soil (clay)." Why did Schroeder describe each side of the pyramid as
having a different color? The answer is the condition of the surface of
the pyramid. The northern side of the pyramid is the most damaged by
human activity. There are many modern man-made terraces and peasant
gardens; therefore this side looks like a long slope of a natural hill.
Since this side does not face the sun, the terraces have dark-grey
color, conform to what Schroeder referred to as black.
The eastern side is
planted by coniferous trees having a tint of blue and green colors. The
southern side was also damaged by local inhabitants and revealed the
yellowish color of the clay, or for Schroeder, red. The western side of
the pyramid is white because it is covered by massive stone blocks, in
grey and white colors. It is this side, together with the light yellow
of the top, which created the story of "the White Pyramid".
In fact, a long time
ago, the entire pyramid was covered by massive white stone plates, even
though the core structure of the pyramid is from pressed clay, conform
to the other pyramids of Shaanxi province. But these massive plates
slipped to the foot of the pyramid, the result of natural forces such
as earthquakes and rain. Only on the western side did the plates remain
Again, this is conform
to Schroeder's observations from a century ago: "The pyramid itself was
built of pressed clay as were many constructions in China. Huge troughs
extended along the walls of the pyramid having the size of mountain
canyons. They were filled with stones too. There were trees and bushes
on the slopes defacing the shape of the pyramid and making it similar
to a natural object. I was fascinated by this amazing sight". Some time
ago there were steps from the foot to the top of the pyramid but they
are filled up with fragment of stones now. Some steps made of wild
stones were seen at the bottom (each stone was three square feet).
In support of
Schroeder's description, many massive stone plates have indeed been
found on the western side of the pyramid. Those plates have smooth
surfaces and straight edges. They cover the whole of the western slope,
but are damaged in certain areas. It appears that the stone plates were
used to cover the pyramid from the elements and make the structure much
sturdier. And it appears that they are manmade.
The western side of the
terrace also reveals big stone blocks that are in a bad condition.
Regular blocks can be found laying on the clay. This has to be manmade
as it is impossible for a regular shaped stone to form on clay or soil.
I found many other
features on the manmade terraces that have equally been constructed
from massive stone blocks; one weighed at least 10 tons. The top of the
block is damaged, but on the other sides of the block, I saw clean,
sharp edges and flat surfaces.
Little to no research
has been carried out on the site, but it should not be ruled out that
there was a mountain, which was later transformed into a pyramid. If
the pyramid was built from the foundation to the top, it needed
millions of tons of clay, and thousands of builders, making this an
extra-ordinary achievement and definitely worthy of the legendary fame
that the "White Pyramid" achieved in the 20th century. Either way, it
is one of the biggest pyramids in the entire world.
If we compare the
descriptions of the White Pyramid by Schroeder and Gaussman with
Liangshan Mountain, it is quite obvious that they are the same
structure. There are seven facts that back up this identification:
1. the structures have the same height of 300 meters;
2. the length of each side was given as 500 meters;
3. the description of the color of the sides of the pyramid matches;
4. the name "White Pyramid" has its origin in the color of the stone plates that covered the pyramid;
5. the pyramids are made of pressed clay and covered by stone plates;
6. the sides of the pyramid have depressions which look like natural troughs;
7. there are steps or terraces to the pyramid.
The first time I visited
the Qianling mausoleum, it was very snowy, windy and cold with dreadful
visibility. I didn't climb to the top because it was dangerous. But on
my last trip in November 2008, the weather was fantastic: clear skies,
no wind or rain. I enjoyed the beautiful picturesque landscape and
spent all day on Liangshan Mountain.
I noted that the four
sides of the northern Liangshan peak are not oriented to the earth's
cardinal points, as is customary for most pyramids. I studied the stone
slabs in detail and had to conclude that these were not natural stone.
I found a stone close to the top of the pyramid, which showed classical
drilling marks of a circular instrument, like a saw. I made numerous
photographs and sent these to Dr. Aly Abdulah Barakat, an expert in
applied geology and archaeology, based in Cairo. He came to the
conclusion that "there is clear evidence of human contribution to the
natural stones". It means that these features are not the result of
natural geological processes but the marks of human activity. He added
that the stones on the photos indicate clear human interaction with the
It is, of course,
impossible to conclude whether Gaussman's White Pyramid is the
Liangshan Mountain, as part of the problem was that Gaussman gave
little verifiable details. Still, all the evidence suggests the White
Pyramid has been found. But even if it weren't, let us remember how
important this pyramid is “ whether it is the White
Pyramid or not really should be seen as secondary. Liangshan Mountain
is a colossal construction, with clear pyramidal features and covered
by stone blocks that can only be manmade."
So where do we go from
here? More than 90% of all the Chinese pyramid sites are at present
unexplored, but the Chinese authorities and archaeologists are
developing a research plan for the next five years. This is unlikely to
include the Northern Peak of Liangshan Mountain. I think this pyramid
will only begin to be researched by scientists after some sensational
changes in the current scientific world as a whole and science in China
specifically have come about. But who knows, right? The verification of
the existence of the White Pyramid is an important step in the right
Article: The Chinese White Pyramid has been found
A Step Pyramid in Korea
(Photo credit: Internet)
White Pyramid, Xian, China
(Photo credit: Internet)